Every year that begins the season we have to be prepared to get the garden ready. By setting up the garden we refer to all that this entails of pruning, sowing and fertilizing, among others. There are some tasks such as the subscriber that are not very well known. When and how to fertilize the garden It can be a determining factor for our crops to grow in good condition.
Therefore, we are going to dedicate this article to tell you when and how to fertilize the garden and what you must take into account to do it correctly.
How to fertilize the garden for sowing
Fertilization or manuring is the act of preparing the soil with a mixture of substrate so that it is rich in nutrients conducive to growing. It is important to know that a tree does not need the same subscribers as vegetables, as well as the irrigation needs are different, so we must be very careful when considering which crops to plant, because their needs will be different.
Composting is a very simple task that involves mixing the nutrients in the compost with the fertile soil to be planted. It is very important to mix the fertilizer well and provide the best dose for the characteristics of the crop. There are two types of subscribers:
- Buried: Spread the compost on the ground so that the soil can later be dug up to keep it buried and mixed. (If you use compost without decomposing, do it a few months before planting.) 7-10 liters of compost per square meter is enough. If it is a strong compost such as chicken manure, it is recommended to reduce 1-3 liters per square meter.
- On the surface: sprinkle compost on the surface of the soil, and nature itself (rainwater) will bring nutrients to the roots. This type of compost, also called mulch, is very effective in forests. It is not recommended for sandy soils, nor is the use of bird-derived fertilizers recommended because they will change the pH of the soil and acidify the soil.
How to fertilize the garden for different crops
It is spring, it is time to grow aubergines, peppers or tomatoes in summer, these crops certainly need good fertilizers because they consume a lot of nutrients. Since we have already presented it and know the problems you are facing, we will determine when to fertilize your garden based on the crops you want to grow.
When to fertilize citrus
Citrus fruits require a lot of fertilizer, so if you want to grow oranges, grapefruits, or tangerines that require the most fertilizer, you should pay attention to this. In this case, to know when to fertilize citrus, It is important to know that when they are deficient in magnesium, it is necessary to re-fertilize them. Therefore, the best time to fertilize citrus fruits is spring and summer.
Purchasing a complete citrus fruit fertilizer with an NPK density of (18-6-6) will provide essential elements and adequate amounts of citrus fruits to meet the demanding nutritional needs of citrus fruits.
Fertilize fruit trees
If we have a small urban garden or grow fruit trees, then the most effective fertilizer is vermicompost. There is no doubt that the best time to fertilize fruit trees is spring and summer, because this is the time of year when your fruit trees need extra nutrients to keep growing and producing good fruit. On the other hand, if your fruit trees bear fruit in the fall, it may also be a good idea to add garden compost at this time.
When to fertilize the lawn
Finally, we will also provide you with some tips so that you know when to fertilize your lawn, since it requires a very special treatment to have a green and strong lawn. As for the lawn, It is important to pay 3 times a year: spring, summer and finally autumn.
To obtain a thick lawn, we usually recommend the use of slow-release fertilizers, which will enhance its effect. There are other fertilizers to prevent the appearance of moss. Moss is one of the main problems of grass. Moss can get submerged by moss and cannot glow normally.
That’s all, we want you to be clearer when to fertilize your garden and what products should be used according to the crops or plants to be grown.
The preparation or recycling of old substrates should always include large amounts of compost to replace the nutrients consumed by previous crops. In this point, It is good to use compost, manure or vermicompost, especially in pots that have been compacted a lot. The first thing that is done is to remove the upper layer of the substrate (partially empty it to be able to do the same with the lower substrate) so that, at the end, the entire substrate is decompressed and loosened.
Afterwards, the compost is added to the upper third of the pot and stirred a little to mix it with the substrate. When you start to cultivate, the roots of the plants will start to grow in the zone, and when they reach the bottom, the compost itself will start to seep to the bottom, where it can also be found.
We can find it in solid or liquid form, and it is necessary to establish a cycle (normally every two weeks) to provide it with irrigation water. Some people call them balanced fertilizers because they provide all the nutrients in the same percentage, and we will add them from the first six to eight weeks of cultivation. It is necessary after a relatively short period of time after transplantation, because the plants will not only consume them in large quantities, but They will also be lost through the drainage holes.
For some vegetables, the fortnightly contribution is enough to complete their cycle, so we can also choose to use the same fertilizer (humus, compost or initial fertilizer) as at the beginning. It is enough to add it to the surface and stir a little to mix it with the irrigation water, since it can take a very short time to harvest this vegetable.
Sometimes the secret that is not well understood is the correct clamping of the plants to stimulate them to double their growth, but the most important thing is the fertilizer rich in potassium, which is one of the great elements necessary for plants to flourish. The same additional contribution is something that the plants will appreciate because they will live longer in our garden. We will find different formulas on the market to meet the specific needs of each of them.
Fertilizer is the food of plants, It is what really makes plants grow, flourish and enrich their fruits; the power to make them healthier is a healthy and balanced diet. When pests appear, plants with proper nutrition are always stronger, and we often forget about them.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to fertilize the garden.