If you have a terrace large enough to be able to put an urban garden, you may be rethinking it. There are many people who do not know how to have an urban garden on the terrace and they think that it is something too complicated. However, if you know the guidelines to carry it out very well, it is quite simple.
In this article we are going to teach you step by step how to have an urban garden on the terrace and what are the advantages you can have with it.
How to have an urban garden on the terrace
First of all, take into consideration some main aspects that must be taken into account. You have to choose what type of consumption you are going to make. You may want to have root vegetables, leafy vegetables, etc. Depending on the consumption, you will have to have a different space and substrate. What’s more, Orientation becomes important so that the lighting is optimal. That our urban garden has a water outlet is essential to be able to connect an irrigation system.
Another important aspect to consider is the price. That is, how much money are we willing to invest in our home garden. If we want to learn how to have an urban garden the terrace we need to know that it does not have to be large, but it does have to have a certain incidence of light during the day. The best orientation of a terrace to obtain an urban garden is the south or southwest orientation. If the space is located to the north, it does not mean that it cannot be cultivated, but it does mean that certain crops will not be able to develop optimally. For example, the cultivation of tomatoes or peppers are not very favored in a north orientation. However, if we can grow leafy crops such as lettuce, arugula, aromatic herbs such as parsley, basil or coriander if the orientation is north.
You can place the plastics that simulate the greenhouse to be able to have a fuller performance throughout the year. Once you can get the hang of caring for each crop, you will realize that it is much easier than it seems. Above all, this type of system helps in autumn and winter can allow the development of vegetables that does not usually occur easily in these seasons. It is simply a matter of trial and error until you precisely control deck conditions.
What containers to use
One of the most frequently asked questions when learning how to have an urban garden on the terrace is about the containers that should be used. The containers are an investment to consider since it may or may not increase the costs of the urban home garden. There are many types of containers: grow table, pots, planters, vertical gardens, etc. Professionals do not recommend getting too expensive materials to be able to test and expand as we get the taste of having our own crops.
The cultivation tables are the most practical. As it is not in contact with the ground, it can be aerated quite easily and the substrate does not overheat. If you do not have a very large terrace and you have just started gardening, it is better to start with pots. You can measure the space of a terrace well to be able to design a few pots and planters. You must bear in mind that vertical gardens are perfect for smaller terraces, since they take up less space. There are crops that need their own space such as tomatoes, aubergines, peppers, beans, peas, so you will need pots that have a minimum of 16 liters in volume since they have deeper roots.
In the case of lettuces, they have smaller and shallower roots so you can use pots of only 2 L. One idea is to plant about 8 lettuces and spinach together in a pot 35 centimeters in diameter and about 20 centimeters deep. . In the case of carrots, radishes, beets and onions, 0.5 L containers are needed per plant. You can mix radishes with beets carrots in the same garden of about 12 L without any problem.
Substrate and seeds
Two other important aspects when learning how to have an urban garden and terrace is what type of substrate and seeds are going to be used. The land that we will use in the home garden is a special land for cultivation. The most recommended mix it is 40% worm castings and 60% coconut fiber. In the more advanced levels of horticulture we can use another type of soil that will have more or less nutrients depending on what is going to be planted. It will be a matter of learning what the needs of the plants we are growing are.
As for the seeds, for beginners it is better to buy plants in a plant in any nursery. You just have to transplant it to your recipient. Later, when you have experienced what your first harvest is, you can create your own seedbed and go into all this much more.
How to have an urban garden on the terrace and what plants should I have
You have to know well what are the main crops that should be had in the home garden. In summer there are some star crops such as tomatoes. In summer it is a classic to plant tomatoes. The best time to sow them is in spring, especially in the month of May. They are collected in the summer time between the months of July, August and September. Tomatoes have dozens of varieties, but the most common is that they need a temperature between 20-35 degrees for its flowering and development and a lot of luminosity. They should be located in the preferred area of your terrace and within 4-5 months it will be ready for harvest. It is a plant that prefers regular waterings, not abundant than relatively spaced in time.
Another basic is lettuce. There are multiple varieties and it can be grown throughout the year. The summer ones are sown about 8 weeks before being consumed. They are fast and easy-growing plants, so they are very suitable for beginners. As for watering, they usually water twice a week.
Peppers and cucumbers are also best transplanted in spring, when the temperature begins to exceed 15ºC. They are plants that require a pot of about 15 liters of water. They do not need to be directly exposed to the sun, nor do they need to be watered continuously, but once a week. As for onions, they can be grown throughout the year. The best months are December, January, February and March, and the harvest begins in April.
Another outdoor crop are aromatic plants such as aloe, lavender, chamomile or mint. Aromatic plants are a good choice for your home garden.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to have an urban garden on the terrace.