Exotic fruits are becoming more and more fashionable, such as passion fruit. This delicious delicacy originating in South America is not only delicious, but also has many benefits for our health. Today there are many varieties of passion fruit that are cultivated in different parts of the world. Each of them has an appearance and flavor that differentiates them from the others. Do you want to know the most popular?
In this article we will talk about the most common passion fruit varieties. We will briefly explain how they are and where they are grown to get an idea about these delicious fruits. So do not hesitate to continue reading if you want to know more about these exotic fruits.
What varieties of passion fruit exist?
Passion fruit, also known as passion fruit, is a tropical fruit that is very popular for its sweet and slightly sour taste. as well as for its nutritional benefits. These include a high content of antioxidants, anti-inflammatory compounds, and relaxing and sedative properties. In addition, passion fruit helps improve digestion, strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. It should also be noted that this fruit is very rich in nutrients and has a low caloric intake, which makes it a good ally for weight loss.
The scientific name of the plant is Passion flower and its genus includes more than 400 different species. Each of the varieties of passion fruit have their own characteristics, including size, color and flavor. Next we will talk about some of the most popular today.
Yellow Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis flavicarpa)
The most common type of passion fruit is yellow. It is characterized by having an intense orange pulp and yellow skin. This variety can weigh up to ninety grams. As for the taste, it is usually very sweet. This fruit is generally used to make juices, desserts and jams.
Among the most remarkable properties of the yellow passion fruit is its high content of soluble fiber, such as pectin. This substance is found in large quantities in the cell walls of the fruit and is used as a stabilizer and gelling agent.
The yellow passion fruit adapts well to hot and humid climates, which is why it is grown mainly in tropical and subtropical regions. It is a very versatile fruit and it can grow in different types of soils, as long as they have good drainage and are well fertilized. This type of passion fruit is native to Brazil, but is currently cultivated in several countries in Latin America, Africa, Asia and Oceania.
Purple Passion Fruit (Passionflower edible)
Another of the most popular varieties of passion fruit is purple. It stands out for having a skin of that color and a white or pale yellow pulp. Compared to yellow passion fruit, this one is less sweet. It is generally used to make juices and certain desserts. When the fruits are somewhat wrinkled, it means that they have already lost moisture. Accordingly, they are already edible.
The purple passion fruit is native to the subtropical regions of South America, specifically the Peruvian and Colombian Andes. Currently, it is cultivated mainly in Latin American countries, but its cultivation has also spread to other regions of the world. This plant requires warm and humid climates for its cultivation, and it can grow in different types of soils if they have good drainage. Besides, It is a plant that needs a lot of light. and can tolerate high temperatures. Therefore, it adapts well to the climatic conditions of tropical and subtropical regions.
Sweet Passion Fruit (Passiflora ligularis)
Also known as granadilla, it is a smaller and rounder or oval variety than the yellow passion fruit. Its skin is yellow, orange or light green and its pulp is very sweet and gelatinous, pale grey. It should be noted that the main solids of this fruit are natural sugars that are dissolved in the juice. Nothing more and nothing less than 75% of the components of this variety are sucrose, fructose and glucose.
The Passiflora ligularis It prefers cool and humid climates, with temperatures ranging between 15 and 24 degrees Celsius. It can grow in different types of soil, but it has to be well drained and contain plenty of nutrients. Therefore, it is mainly cultivated in mountainous areas of the Andes, but it can also grow in other regions with similar climatic characteristics. This variety of passion fruit comes from the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Today, The main producers of this fruit are Latin American countries, although it can also be found in some regions of Asia, Africa and Oceania.
Giant Passion Fruit (Passiflora quadrangularis)
Finally, we have to highlight the giant passion fruit, also known as royal granadilla or badea. How can we deduce from his nameit is the largest variety of passion fruit. It can measure up to 26 centimeters long and weigh up to one kilo. The skin is green and hard to the touch, with some bumps. As for the pulp, it is sweet and gelatinous. It has a slightly acid taste. The main use given to this fruit is the preparation of juices. The leaves of this vegetable are also used. These can be used as a tranquilizer or sedative.
The Giant Passion Fruit is native to South America, specifically from the Amazon region of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Although it is true that we can find this variety in some regions of Asia, Africa and Oceania, its main producers are Latin American countries.
This vegetable needs warm and humid climates to be able to develop, preferably with temperatures that oscillate between 24 and 28 degrees Celsius. Despite adapting well to all types of soil, they must have good drainage and be rich in organic matter. Therefore it is not surprising that it is cultivated mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of Latin America, although it can also grow in other regions with similar climatic characteristics.
And you, which variety of passion fruit do you like best?