The acacia seyal is a species of acacia that lives in the tropical zone of Africa and has various uses. In addition, it is interesting to know its history, since its use has been very wide. It is a plant that belongs to the Fabaceae family, and therefore, to the mimosa subfamily. The tribe acacieae belongs to this family, from which the genus of acacias comes.
In this sense, the acacia seyal is related, so to speak, with the acacia acuminata. For this reason, they share common characteristics, such as the way their leaves are arranged, or their size. But let’s see a little more and get to know the acacia seyal better.
Description of acacia seyal
The acacia seyal is a rather small tree. Its height can be up to eighteen meters high. In the case of its trunk, it has a diameter that goes between thirty and forty centimeters in diameter. As for this one, it is usually winding. The treetop has an interesting shape, as it is like a parasol. This feature is also shared with the African acacia.
As for the bark of the tree, it is reddish in color. The branches, on the other hand, usually appear from a height almost near the base of the trunk. Bipinnate leaves grow on the thin branches; that is, with the leaves in pairs on either side of the leaf stem. For this reason, it is not pointed, like the leaves of many species. Two or three pairs of leaves grow on each stem.
They also usually grow a pair of straight and thick spines, which can measure up to four centimeters in length. Another characteristic of the acacia seyal is that these thorns are usually sharp, and therefore care must be taken when approaching the tree.
In the case of the flowers they produce, these are usually small and yellow in color. The flowers give off a pleasant smell, and for this reason, they are often used to create perfumes. On the other hand, the fruit they produce are legumes, which are between eight and twelve centimeters long and one centimeter wide.
Habitat and location
This plant is very common in the arid regions of Africa. In this sense, it is very common to find them in countries like Egypt, as well as Kenya and Sudan, and even in Senegal. It is also frequently found in the humid valleys of some Saharan regions.
In this sense, it can live without needing large amounts of water. In addition, it can also grow solitary, as well as in groups, although with some distance from each other. This plant grows by means of seeds in the suitable regions.
Although it has been introduced to other regions, especially as an ornamental tree, the truth is that it needs a warm climate to survive. Otherwise, it can wither and die in climates that are too cold or too wet.
For this reason, in cases of being used as an ornamental plant, it is best to ensure that the climate, or that the region is warm, and not water it so frequently so as not to drown it.
Properties and use
There are several properties of the To install acacia seyal. So let’s look at some of the benefits that this tree offers; therefore, let us know more about the usefulness of this interesting plant.
It is a wood that is usually resistant, although it needs certain additional chemical compounds to prevent pests, such as termites, from damaging it. For this reason, since it is also heavy, it is also used for the construction of certain instruments and others.
For example, in ancient Egypt, its wood was used to build coffins; but in addition, it was also used to build more complex structures, such as light boats, ladders, some agricultural implements, poles; and of course, it was also used, and is used, as firewood. In fact, the story tells that the ark of the covenant of the Hebrews was built with this wood.
In addition to a practical use, the acacia seyal also has a use in the medical field. Thus, different parts of the tree are used to treat different types of diseases. The bark, for example, is used to treat dysentery, as well as skin infections, including leprosy.
In the case of the gum that it produces, it is used to stop diarrhea, as well as problems related to the intestine. And the flower is also used as an expectorant.