Characteristics, cultivation and care of the Najerano pepper

Najeran peppers are a variety that belong to the Nájera region. They have a classification by the protected geographical indication such as the Riojano pepper, which includes the Najerano pepper that is generally grown in the valleys of the Rioja baja, media and also in Rioja alta, and which in turn, It is marketed both as a fresh product and as a preserve.

They are a very typical product and are usually used as one of the main ingredients in Riojan food dishes that can be consumed in Nájera, as well as in the Santo Domingo de la Calzada region. The history of its consumption comes from the XNUMXth century.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Features
  • 2 Farming
    • 2.1 Land preparation
    • 2.2 Planting the plants
    • 2.3 Fertilization
    • 2.4 Irrigation
    • 2.5 Remove weeds
    • 2.6 Harvest


Najerano pepper festival where a competition is held

This is a vegetable that has a shape resembling a cone that ends in a beak, the surface of this pepper is rough and presents a fine meat.

In general, the pepper is made up of two or three faces that They have a total length of between about 16 to about 18 centimeters, the thickness of your skin usually ranges from 6 to 8 millimeters.

This product usually has a red color and also a little green with some shades in dark red and it is not common for its flavor to be spicy.

Its collection takes place during the months of June and August, with a certain probability of being extended until it reaches the months of October and November. The properties it owns the land of the Rioja valleys They have organoleptic characteristics that are quite typical for these vegetables.

Those peppers that are used for the commercialization of preserves, need to follow a fairly defined process. They are not submerged in water and yes packaged in their own juices that are released in the process of making canned food.


Sowing can be done by broadcast or also mechanically on top of the tuba substrate in trays made of polyethylene.

If the plant is kept in the seedbed for a short time, the pepper will be of higher quality and will have a greater weight.

Land preparation

It is necessary to prepare the land taking into account the state of the soil, the weather conditions, the pH, as well as the balance of the nutrients found in the soil and also the sowing time, in this way, ensures the best development for the pepper.

Planting the plants

This process must be carried out at the moment when the temperatures averages of the day exceed 10 ° C, and can be done starting from the bare root or with a root ball, being manual or mechanized.


grilled red najerano pepper

This must be done bearing in mind the extraction of said crop, the nutritional status of the plant, the fertility of the soil, as well as the contributions affected by some other way in order to maintain the balance, as well as the nutrient levels in the soil and in the plant.

On the other hand, the contribution of nutrients can be done directly in the soil or through spraying and organic matter is necessary that is added correctly fermented.


The water dose has to be adjusted to the needs of the plants in the cultivation field in such a way that there are very few losses due to percolation, evaporation or runoff, likewise, it is also necessary Avoid excess moisture as it can cause very negative effects on plants.

Remove weeds

For the control of weeds as well as for diseases, it is recommended use some cultural method that can reduce the infectious potential that the soil may have.


This is a task that is carried out when the physical, organoleptic and chemical characteristics of the pepper are adjusted to a parameter that indicates the appropriate moment. On the other hand, this is a collection that must be done manually and with great care.

Characteristics, cultivation and care of the Najerano pepper

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