For a long time there have been a series of plants that humans cultivate. There are some that have almost no ornamental value (such as cereal or oats), but there are others that do, such as sesame. Its small pink flowers are very beautiful, and also its seeds are very useful for people.
If you want to know more about it, do not hesitate: then I will tell you everything you need to know if you want to grow it.
Table of Contents
- 1 Origin and characteristics
- 2 What are their cares?
Origin and characteristics
The sesame plant, whose scientific name is Sesamum indicum, is also known as sesame. It is native to India and Africa, and It is a grass that grows to a height of 1,50 meters, branched or not. The leaves are alternate, ovate to linear-lanceolate, with a sharp apex, toothed or entire, and are 1 to 8cm long (depending on whether they are inferior, which will be smaller, or superior).
The flowers are solitary, 5-8mm long, bell-shaped and pink or white. The fruit is an oblong-quadrangular capsule, yellowish brown in color, 3-5mm long. The seeds are obovate, black, brown or white. An oil is extracted from them that is used to make, for example, hamburger bread or sweets such as halva.
What are their cares?
If you want to grow sesame, we recommend keeping the following in mind:
- Location: outside, in full sun.
- Earth: fertile, with good drainage.
- Subscriber: throughout the season with ecological fertilizers.
- Multiplication: by seeds in spring. Direct sowing in seedbed.
- Plantation: plant in the garden when the plants have a height of about 15cm, leaving a separation between them of 20-30cm.
- Rusticity: sesame does not resist cold or frost, so if you want to take better advantage of the season it is recommended to place the seedling in a greenhouse until the weather improves.
What did you think of this plant? Have you ever seen it?