Managing your tomato plants by learning how and when to prune them is one of the key secrets for producing a healthier and better crop of tomatoes. Tomato plants are hardy and typically produce an honest crop even without pruning, but pruning them produces a good better crop of delicious, mouth-watering tomatoes. Pruning your plants properly can encourage larger, healthier fruit to grow.
WHY do you have to PRUNE TOMATO PLANTS?
Determinate varieties, or people who don’t still vine, require less pruning if left to their own growing patterns just because they eventually stop. Unfortunately, indeterminate varieties, or those plants that still vine and grow longer or taller, often become difficult to support if they’re not pruned.
Since they still flourish and increase their overall weight and wish for support, indeterminate varieties require special care and support so as to supply the healthiest crop of tomatoes.
If your tomato plants are left unsupported, eventually the added weight of too many branches and an excessive amount of fruit will cause your plant to get along the bottom exposing your tomatoes to disease and pest infestation. this may also cause smaller tomatoes or an extended period of time for them to grow to full size.
As you’ll see, pruning does are available handy for several reasons. it’s definitely well worth the time and energy to find out the way to prune your tomato plants in order that you’ll have a successful crop.
Each leaf of a tomato performs the method of photosynthesis or the assembly of sugar, which is employed for the expansion of the plant and its tomatoes. If too many leaves and branches exist on your tomato plants, then a number of the leaves won’t be ready to get the right amount of sunlight to make the sugar they have to sustain themselves.
When this happens, the plant is a smaller amount of healthy and struggles to survive. In severe cases, the plant has numerous unnecessary leaves and branches that not even the tomatoes are receiving a sufficient supply of sugar.
Eventually, the leaves that are struggling to survive to turn yellow and fall off. However, this takes a short time to occur and therefore the damage to your plant has already begun. Moreover, the tomato is additionally in danger of getting a disease since its components aren’t working at an optimal level.
If your tomato is unsupported, not only will all of its leaves fail to urge the right sunshine it needs for photosynthesis, but also, the plant is going to be at even greater risk of the disease since it’ll be prone on the bottom instead of upright and supported.
This fact also results in a smaller and fewer productive crop since properly pruned plants can produce at a quicker rate. Moreover, plants that are lying on the bottom often cover a number of the leaves and fruit, blocking the sun that these plants got to remain healthy.
HOW TO PRUNE TOMATO SEEDLINGS
Pruning your tomato plants begins together with your seedlings. Early pruning techniques encourage the expansion of strong stems, a crucial facet to a healthy, producing tomato. Tomato plants with one strong stem typically produce larger fruits while needing less support.
Typically, tomato seedlings outgrow their initial containers and wish to be transplanted several times before finally making it into the bottom. so as to encourage strong stems and a robust rootage, it’s important for you to prune your seedlings before transplantation to every new container also as their final growing spot.
When you transplant each seedling, gently remove all leaves except those that are above the soil line. Tomato stems root on their own as long as they’re covered with soil. This strategy encourages a robust stem also as a robust rootage to support your tomato.
HOW TO PRUNE TOMATO PLANTS: INDETERMINATE VARIETIES
Since all of the leaves on a single-stem tomato typically receive sun, this sort of plant usually produces a healthy crop of tomatoes. Early pruning results in the expansion of a robust stem by eliminating unnecessary suckers or secondary stems that divert sugar production faraway from the first stem.
When planting your tomato within the ground, you’re getting to remove all of the suckers from the plant. especially, remove all growth below the primary cluster of flowers on your tomato.
If you’re curious about producing a bigger crop of smaller tomatoes, then you’ll allow as many as four additional stems to grow on your plant. any longer than four stems and you’re seriously impinging upon the dimensions of your tomato crop.
If you select to possess quite one stem, you ought to follow this system . Allow one branch to stay above the primary node that rests on the stem of your plant directly above the primary flowering cluster. Then, allow another branch to stay above the second node that sits on the stem of your tomato above the initial cluster of flowers. The node seems like a little bump on the stem.
Once your plant continues to grow, you’ll allow new growth as desired. More stems mean a bigger, longer-producing crop in indeterminate sorts of tomatoes. this enables you to continue picking tomatoes for several more weeks.
HOW TO PRUNE TOMATO PLANTS: DETERMINATE VARIETIES
Determinate sorts of tomatoes that have a well-defined producing season. Therefore, they require minimal pruning as they’re going to eventually stop growing and producing new stems on their own. generally, the sole pruning that you simply got to do is to get rid of stems and leaves below the first cluster of flowers on the primary stem.
Any additional pruning has no effect on the amount or size of the tomatoes that are grown. Therefore, any additional pruning is just a waste of your time.