Varieties and care of jasmine

Image – Flickr / Tim Waters

The word jasmine is very pretty. Not only does it sound good, but it also refers to a series of climbing plants whose flowers emit a sweet aroma. What’s more, can be used to decorate any spaceeven the little ones. In fact, they are one of the most recommended for covering lattices, logs, or columns.

They usually grow fast, but without being invasive. That is, unlike ivy, or even wisteria, their size is controlled very easily by giving them only one pruning a year. Therefore, it is interesting to grow a jasmine. And for this reason, we are going to talk to you about how it is done, and about the most recommended species.

Jasmine plant characteristics

The plants that we know as jasmine belong to the genus Jasminum and are native to the warm regions of Eurasia and North Africa. Of the 200 varieties there are, many of them are shrubs with climbing branches with evergreen leaves, but there are others that are deciduous or semi-evergreen. These can be composed of three leaflets or be odd-pinnate, and of a glossy dark green color.

They bloom in spring normally. Its flowers are composed of five petals and two stamens, they are hermaphroditic and are usually white, although there are yellow ones.. They are very fragrant, having a sweet scent. Once ripe, they produce black berries with up to 4 seeds.

What is?

Jasmine it is mainly used as an ornamental plantfor example to decorate balconies, lattices, or the like. But how its flowers are also used in aromatherapyto treat depression, or insomnia.

Jasmine varieties

The most interesting for a garden are undoubtedly the ones that we are going to show you below. They are those that produce numerous flowers, and the ones that are most easily cared for:

Jasminum azoricum

The Jasminum azoricum is a climber

Image – Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

El jasmine from the azores, or lemon-scented jasmine as it is also called, is an evergreen climber that grows to 6 feet tall. Its flowers are white and sprout in flower clusters. It resists weak and occasional frosts down to -5ºC.

Bushy jasmine

Yellow jasmine is a shrub

Image – Wikimedia / White eyes

El wild jasmine It is a native plant of the Mediterranean region. More than a climber, it is a shrub up to 2 meters high. Its flowers are yellow, and given its place of origin, it supports well frosts down to -7ºC.

Jasminum grandiflorum

Jasmine has white or yellow flowers

Image – Flickr / Jesus Cabrera

El royal jasmine It is a climbing plant that grows wild in the Himalayas. Reaches 7 meters in height if it has support, and produces white flowers although with pink tints during a good part of the year. Withstands weak frosts down to -4ºC.

Jasminum mesnyi

Jasminum mesnyi has yellow flowers

Image – Wikimedia / BotBln

El yellow jasmine It is an evergreen climber, although it can lose its leaves if the weather is very cold, with hanging stems endemic to China. It grows up to 3 meters in heightand its yellow flowers sprout most of the year. Supports up to -7ºC.

The most fragrant jasmine

Jasmine produces fragrant flowers

Image – Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

El smelly jasmine, also known as Canary jasmine or wild jasmine, is an evergreen shrub native to Madeira and the Canary Islands. It can reach between 4 and 6 meters in heightand produces very fragrant yellow flowers from winter to spring. Of course, it does not support frost.

Jasmine officinale

Common jasmine is a white-flowered plant

Image – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

El common jasmine or Moorish jasmine, it is a native climber of places like Iran, Afghanistan or western China. Reaches 6 meters in heightand its white flowers sprout in clusters during the spring. It supports up to -10ºC, although it is recommended to protect it if it drops below -4ºC either with frost-proof fabric or with greenhouse plastic.

Jasminum polyanthum

There are many types of jasmine

Image – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Known as Chinese jasmine or China jasmine, this is a climbing plant that, as its name suggests, is native to China. It is evergreen, and reaches 5 meters in height as long as it has support to climb on. The flowers are white, and appear in spring. It supports occasional frosts of up to -2ºC.

jasminum sambac

Jasminum sambac is a plant that produces aromatic flowers

Image – Wikimedia / Biswarup Ganguly

La Sampaguita, as it is called, is a shrub native to the Himalayas that reaches 5 meters in height. The flowers are white, highly perfumed, and have the peculiarity that they do not produce seeds; so that they are only multiplied by semi-woody cuttings. Can’t stand the cold.

Jasmine care

If you want to have a jasmine plant in your garden or in a pot, you will be interested to know what its care is, right? Then below we will explain in detail how it stays healthy and beautiful:


Jasmine grows in both full sun and semi-shadeso that you can put it both under the filtered light that passes through the leaves of a palm tree for example, as in a lattice exposed to the star king directly.

The only thing you should keep in mind is that, if you have it in a pot, you do not have to combine it with any other plant, since otherwise there would be competition between them, and both would do everything possible to get space and the nutrients in the substrate. , which would weaken them.

Soil or substrate

  • the garden: it is necessary that the land is light and fertile. He fears waterlogging.
  • Flower pot: you can fill it with universal growing substrate (for sale here!), but it would not hurt to add a layer of clay (for sale here!) before laying the substrate. This will allow the water to flow out of the drainage holes faster.


You have to water the jasmine frequently, about 2 or 3 times a week during the summer, and the rest of the year once a week. It is important that, if it is kept in a pot, a plate or anything is not placed under it, since the roots do not like to have constant contact with water.


Jasmine is watered frequently

Image – Wikimedia / Bernard DUPONT

During spring and summer you can fertilize your jasmine plant with fertilizers such as guano (for sale here!), The herbivorous animal manure or worm castings. Thus, you will get it to grow stronger and produce flowers every year.


Pruning is advised after floweringsince if it were done before this could not be as beautiful and of quality that we would like it to be. To do this, we will use anvil pruning shears (such as these) previously disinfected, and we cut the stems that are broken, or that have grown too much.


It is transplanted in springbefore flowering. It only has to be done if the plant has rooted well in the pot; that is, it will only be done if the roots are sticking out of the drainage holes. In this way, when you take it out, the earth bread will not crumble, and it will be able to resume its growth faster.


It multiplies by seeds and by semi-woody cuttings during spring-summer. Let’s see how it is done:

  • Seeds: they are sown in seedbeds, for example in trays with a hole in their base, filled with universal substrate or for seedbeds (for sale here!). You have to put a maximum of two seeds in each socket, and cover them with a little soil. Then, it is watered and they are put in a sunny or partially shaded area. If the soil is kept moist, they will germinate in about a month.
  • Semi-woody cuttings: pieces of about 30 centimeters are cut, and after impregnating the base with homemade rooting agents or rooting hormones (for sale here!), are planted in a pot with vermiculite previously watered. Finally, they are placed in semi-shade, and the substrate is kept moist. We will know that everything has gone well when we see that leaves sprouts.


There are many types of jasmine, from different places, so the rusticity varies greatly from one species to another. Most of the ones we have seen here withstand frost, as long as it is not very intense; but jasminum sambac for example, it can only be grown outside all year round if the climate is warm.

Enjoy your jasmine!

Varieties and care of jasmine

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