Each plant is a world. To understand and cultivate them, we must know their needs and preferences. When vegetables are well cared for, it shows in their appearance and in the production of their flowers and fruits. In the case of blackberries, it is essential to provide them with certain requirements and knowing how to identify and treat the various mulberry diseases to reap its fruits.
In this article we will explain what mulberry trees are, what are the most frequent pests and diseases that affect them and how to care for them. If you are thinking of growing these vegetables, do not hesitate to continue reading.
What is a mulberry?
Before talking about mulberry diseases, let’s first clarify what this vegetable is. It is a deciduous tree native to North America, Asia and Africa. It is part of the genus Morus y It is cultivated mainly for its fruits, blackberries, but also to decorate gardens and orchards.
Our mulberry they grow quite quickly and can reach a height of up to 15 meters. As for the leaves of this plant, they are simple and alternate and have serrated edges. Its flowers are generally grouped in spikes and are unisexual. Regarding the fruits of the mulberry trees, these usually have a length that ranges between two and three centimeters.
As expected, there are different species of Morus. The most popular are the following:
- black mulberry (black mulberry): Native to southwestern Asia. It is more delicate than the other species, but also the most cultivated. This is because its fruits are sweeter and more aromatic than those of other mulberries, and have more properties.
- White mulberry (white mulberry): Native to East Asia. It is the most resistant variety both to varied climates and to pests. However, the fruits of this tree are not usually consumed, as they are very tasteless. It is mainly cultivated for its leaves, since they feed silkworms.
- Red elm (red mulberry): It comes from eastern North America. Like the previous species, this one also resists very well to different climates. The wood of this tree is commonly used to make furniture, while the fruits are very popular in gastronomy.
Mulberry pests and diseases
Like all plants, the mulberry can also suffer from various pathologies. Among the most common pests are aphids and mealybugs. Both are very annoying and can cause serious damage if we do not act in time. There are many home remedies and insecticides that will help us fight these pests.
If you want to know more, you can read the articles about how to eliminate the aphid with fairy y how to remove mealybugs from plants. But what really interests us now is knowing the most frequent mulberry diseases.
First of all we have root rot. It is a fungal disease that directly attacks the roots. As is often the case when it comes to fungi, it usually appears when humidity levels are very high. Therefore, An excess of irrigation can be the trigger for the appearance of this disease. Consequently, the roots rot and lose the ability to transport both nutrients and water to the rest of the plant.
What can we do if our blackberry tree is affected? The only solution is to apply fungicides. However, if the disease is very advanced, we will not be able to save the plant.
Another of the most common mulberry diseases is canker, or canker. Also of fungal origin, this pathology affects different areas of the plant. However, we can distinguish this disease by the appearance of spots similar to burns on the bark. These spots are usually dark and appear on the hardest parts. Before its appearance, the leaves of the mulberry tree wither.