The breadfruit tree is a tropical plant that we can find in all the warm and humid regions of the world. Although it can easily exceed 10 meters, even 21m specimens have been seen, its cultivation in a pot is possible since it tolerates pruning quite well .
Let’s meet this curious and beautiful tree, so rare in temperate climates.
- 1 Origin and characteristics of the breadfruit tree
- 2 What are your cares?
Origin and characteristics of the breadfruit tree
Our protagonist is an evergreen tree native to the Pacific islands that can reach a maximum height of 21m , whose scientific name is Artocarpus altilis. Its trunk often branches from the base, and has a maximum thickness of 2m in diameter. The flowers are grouped in inflorescences, female and male, present in the same specimen. Cross-pollination is necessary, but it is not necessary for the fruit to form, which is round and can weigh between 9 and 20 kilos.
Its growth rate is quite fast , being able to grow at a rate of one meter per year if the conditions are suitable. Also, you have to know that inside there is a latex that causes itching and irritation on contact with the skin.
What are your cares?
If you want to have a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:
- Climate : no frost.
- Location : outside, in partial shade.
- Earth :
- Pot: universal growing medium mixed with 30% perlite.
- Garden: it must have good drainage and be rich in organic matter.
- Irrigation : frequent. Every 2 days in the hottest season and every 5 days the rest.
- Subscriber : once a month provide organic fertilizers, such as guano or manure .
- Pruning – Removing dry, diseased or weak branches and those that have overgrown before growth resumes in spring.
- Multiplication : by seeds in spring.
- Harvest : Fruits are ready to be harvested when they turn light green and look large, about 15-19 weeks after flowering.
- Rusticity : supports up to 5ºC, being suitable between 38 and 16ºC.
Did you know this tree?