The sweet orange tree whose scientific name is Citrus, it is a fruit tree that tends to be medium in size because of its short trunk, with little bulky branches and white flowers with an exquisite aroma, which is called orange blossom.
Its plantation occurs best in sub tropical climates. The tree is usually born from its seed, by transplanting a stake or sowing some of its roots. The Citrus or orange tree belongs to the family of the RutaceaeTangerines, lemons, grapefruits are also classified in it, being more than 1.600 species in total.
The orange tree reaches its youth within the first five to seven years of life, at this time it can begin its reproductive stage. If the tree receives the necessary care, it can last an average of 30 yearsAfter the first flowers appear, the first fruits appear. In its mature stage it reaches the maximization of its flora and therefore its fruits, once the tree ages it will decrease the amount of its crops.
It is important to note that the orange tree is of Hindu, Pakistani and Chinese origin. Has a hybrid nature of the crossing of lemon and tangerine. They were shared with the rest of the world by the Arabs.
The orange tree begins to bloom in the spring, it is a beautiful landscape that you surely want to see sometime in your life.
Orange tree cultivation
It occurs in humid and sub tropical climates. Its fruit, flowers and vegetation do not tolerate the coldsince this tree in general is affected by frost, blooming in spring and during winter it tends to stop its growth.
Requires a lot of rain or abundant risk. Various techniques are applied in irrigation in order to increase its flora and with it the production and harvest of the fruit of the Orange tree.
It needs a lot of sunlight so that it can grow properly and its fruits can ripen in the best way. It is susceptible to the wind, which causes it to lose several flowers and fruits when falling to the ground, detached by these.
It requires sandy, deep, cool soils without limestone. It does not resist salinity, therefore techniques must be adopted in the plantation to counteract it.
A lot of compost must be used and usually during watering, which increases maintenance cost a bit. By zinc, iron, magnesium deficiency it is necessary to apply these nutrients artificially.
Special care must be taken with pruning, many specialists point out that excessive pruning could bring less fruit production. I know must manage growth regulatorswidely used to increase flowering, fruit size and prevent fall and therefore loss of harvest.
You have to take special care of the pests that affect the orange tree, these can be the mealybug, spider mite, whitefly. In the same way, these orange trees are susceptible to certain diseases, such as the sadness virus, exocortis and psoriasis.
To the extent that there are and are kept more flowers on the tree to the same extent there will be a greater harvest of the fruit.
To obtain quality fruits it is advisable to collect them when they are ripeIf you wait a long time, they fall off and the harvest is lost, and if they are removed early, they will not have the desired sweet flavor.
There are several types of orange trees such as the Citrus x sinensis of sweet fruit and the Citrus oranges whose fruit is somewhat more bitter and it is usually used in gastronomy in the preparation of jams, preserves and liqueurs.
Types of oranges
These fruits have no seedshave a protuberance or navel at their end. Of a great variety, among which we find Navelate, Ricalate, Thomson and Bahía.
This fruit lasts long on the tree for abundant juice and contains few seeds. Some of these are the Castellana, Caddenera, Belladonna, Berna, Comuna, Shamouti and the Valencia Late, which is the most common.
Blood or Sanguine Group
Its name has to do with the color of its pulp, which tends to be reddish. Within this group there are some called Doble fina, Entre fina, Moro, Sanguinello, Maltesa Sanguina.
The best known are the Golden Grain and Succari.
Like all citrus fruit, the orange tree has great properties and brings many benefits to our health. Such as:
It is good for the prevention of diabetes, due to its low glycemic index it is ideal as a healthy snack.
Contains a high concentration of vitamin C which stimulates the immune system. Helps to fix iron in the body, promotes the formation of collagen and red blood cells.
Its regular consumption makes your skin look healthy and more radiant, as it is a fruit with a large amount of antioxidants that is ideal to prevent aging.
It is a rich source of energy. Although you must be careful since it is usually very caloric, it is advisable that instead of drinking a glass of its juice, that you eat the whole fruit since it is also rich in fiber which will improve your trips to the bathroom.
Combat bad LDL cholesterol, as it is a magnificent source of beta-carotene and flavonoids.
It is a cocktail of minerals and among them are iron, potassium, calcium, folic acid, phosphorus, copper, zinc and magnesium, so the consumption of the fruit of the orange tree will help you maintain adequate levels of these minerals and consequently your health will improve.
- Prevents cancer and heart disease.
- Due to its high consumption of water, it is an excellent source of hydration.
- Promotes healing.
- It is antidepressant.
You can use the leaf in tea to alleviate digestive problems due to its antispasmodic properties. In the case of suffering from gas or flatulence, an infusion after meals will help you with that problem.
It is an excellent cleanser that will help you eliminate substances that have not been metabolized by your body.
The oils and essences are usually used in aromatherapy as energizers and relaxers, they are also used in the application of massages and hydration of the skin.
It is a natural antibiotic that will help you fight some infectionssuch as tonsillitis.
The orange fruit can be used in various waysEither in poultices, body oils or essences, flavorings, combat odors from footwear and with a few drops of essence on the hair before washing it provides shine and moisture.
It is also used in the manufacture of cleaning products. As well as it can be consumed through many forms, such as juices, desserts, infusions, sauces for meats, salad dressings, among others.