A very effective and fast method of obtaining new plants is by multiplying them by cuttings , which are stems which can be green, semi-woody or woody, and have no root. Obtained from those specimens that we like the most, we can decorate the garden or patio without having to spend money on new plants.
But when to plant cuttings? And, how to do it well so that they emit roots as soon as possible?
- 1 What types of cuttings are there?
- 2 When to plant cuttings?
- 3 How to plant them?
What types of cuttings are there?
There are five types of cuttings:
- Woody : they are obtained mainly from trees, cutting pieces of up to 45cm in length.
- Semi-woody : they are obtained mainly from bushes, cutting pieces of up to 20cm in length.
- Greens : they are obtained mainly from flowers or shrubs whose stems have not lignified, cutting pieces of about 10-15cm in length.
- From the root : they are obtained from trees such as the albizia, the olive tree or the fig tree. Cut pieces of about 5 cm in length.
- Leaf : they are obtained from Echeveria, Haworthia and many indoor plants such as begonias, cutting those leaves that look healthier.
When to plant cuttings?
Plants can be classified in many ways, and one of them is by the behavior of their leaves; that is, if they are perennial, which means that they remain evergreen throughout the year, or expire when they fall in certain seasons (in temperate climates it is in autumn-winter). So, taking this into account, you should know that if they are:
- Deciduous : they are usually cut in autumn and winter. Due to the low temperatures, its growth is practically nil, and since it does not have leaves, the loss of sap is much less, with which the risk of infection is very low.
- Evergreens – These are usually cut in late winter/early spring, just before the plants resume growth. In the event that you want to multiply by leaf cuttings, you must wait until summer arrives.
How to plant them?
To have them more controlled , the ideal is to have them in a pot filled with substrates that facilitate water drainage , such as peat mixed with perlite in equal parts, for example. With this type of substrate, the proliferation of fungi is avoided, microorganisms capable of destroying the cuttings in just a couple of days. To do this, proceed as follows:
- Fill the pot with substrate, almost completely.
- Impregnate the base of the cutting with powdered rooting hormones.
- Place the cutting inside the pot, in its center.
- Finish filling the pot, so that the cutting is about 5cm buried.*
- And finally water.
*If they are leaf cuttings of succulent plants, in order for them to take root they must be placed on the surface of the substrate, without burying them or very little.
We hope that these tips will help you get new plants at zero cost