We know that human beings cause great impacts on ecosystems around the world. Pollution, noise, buildings and other factors have become the main elements that affect all cities today. For this reason, it is more common to observe people who decide to move to rural areas seeking a better quality of life. One of this way of changing the lifestyle by improving health and contributing in a positive way to the environment is known by the name of permaculture.
In this article we are going to tell you everything you need to know about permaculture, its characteristics and the importance it has.
When we analyze today’s large cities we see accumulations of pollution, vehicles and a lot of noise. There are people who need to move from urban centers to mountain or country areas where they can be calmer. Sometimes this is enough to improve the quality of life. However, we must take into account various natural resources what is needed to be able to live in these environments.
It is increasingly common to observe people who move towards these areas and this movement can lead to problems if it is not done properly. If the proper preparation all these places considered as small paradises will be contaminated. As with cities, if rural areas are not taken care of correctly, they will begin to be hectic and full of noise, generating chaos similar to that which exists in cities.
Migrating to rural areas is deciding to completely change your lifestyle. In the first place, what is sought is to achieve an improvement in health. On the other hand, it contributes positively to the environment as new settlements are established with full long-term sustainable development. So, we can define permaculture as a way of living in country places that allows development in a sustainable and economically viable way.
It allows at first to fully satisfy all the needs of the human being without needing to exploit natural resources and not polluting. It is a new lifestyle that harmoniously combines scientific knowledge about all ecosystems and ecological balance with the wisdom of primitive peoples. Thus, it is possible to generate everything that man needs based on improvements in existing resources. In addition, it is possible to use numerous existing resources and all the waste of plants, animals and human activities to be able to benefit other parts of the ecosystem.
Permaculture as a recovery start
As early as 1970, the concept of permaculture was introduced when some ecologists began a series of ideas with the hope of being able to maintain and establish stable agricultural systems. Around this time there was an ecological crisis and environmentalists started from the premise that the land and water should not be poisoned. And it is here that various agro-industrial methods began to be used in which nitrogen fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides began to spread throughout all agricultural soils. The contamination of the waters and soils began to proliferate and they generated diverse economic impacts as well as the flora and fauna.
Permaculture tries to recover all the hectares of soils that were used for the use of pesticides. Many of these areas lost their fertility due to excessive use of chemicals. Thanks to the work carried out and the study of the technique in later years, permaculture has been able to transcend today’s societies. We know that in various parts of the world we can observe communities that live fully in harmony with the environment without negatively impacting it and with excellent use of natural resources.
In recent years, permaculture has been successfully applied in the construction of homes and landscaping. We also know that one of the potential tools for the improvement of permaculture is bioclimatic architecture. It is a type of agriculture that seeks to optimize resources to create sustainable homes.
Techniques in permaculture
In order to build sustainable homes and landscaping, agroforestry and bio-construction techniques need to be applied with a rainwater harvesting system in order to apply all the principles of permaculture use. With all these factors, the environment benefits since there are various human activities that, if carried out well, will not cause negative impacts.
If we analyze the global context of our planet, we see that we are in a time where the growth of cities is established in a disorderly way. Although many governments have a spatial planning plan, it is not followed to the letter. Climate change is a global problem what is generating various phenomena that significantly affect people’s lives.
Thanks to all the people who decide to opt for permaculture, fundamental principles can be achieved to achieve the special agony between the activities of the human being and the environment. With these principles, a process of recovery of the environment can be started without affecting the quality of life of human beings. You simply have to change your lifestyle and not harm it.
We are going to analyze which are the main domains that permaculture has. These are action items:
- Land management was nature: here the conservation and regeneration of wild spaces is involved with conservation of seed banks, integrated pest control, etc.
- Bioconstruction: All the elements to be able to build a house are natural or recyclable elements.
- Tools and technology: it tries to take advantage of all renewable energies for the benefit of human beings in animals. In addition, materials that can be reused are used to be able to manufacture new ones that have a different use.
- Education and culture: It is also in charge of educating people and creating social awareness and environmental ethics.
- Physical and spiritual well-being: Various natural techniques were used to achieve physical well-being through healthy techniques. The diet is based on organic products, sports practice in environmental settings and the use of medicinal plants.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about permaculture and its characteristics.