An urban garden is a fabulous option to give that space on your terrace, balcony or garden some life and, at the same time, occupy yourself in a task that is as entertaining as it is satisfying. And it is not only about how pleasant it is to see your plants grow day by day; When you taste the flavor of your organic vegetables and greens you will see the enormous difference that there is with what you buy in the supermarket.
If you want to learn how to organize a good planting calendar for your garden at home, keep reading this article in which we talk about what to plant in an urban garden .
What to plant in an urban garden – plant list
Depending on the seasons of the year, our urban garden will better accept one type of crop or another. Next, we leave a list of plants for urban gardens , ordered by the season in which it is most suitable to plant them. However, it must be remembered that these periods are indicative, and very hot or very cold climates can delay or advance the sowing seasons.
What to plant in winter
- Green legumes
What to plant in an urban garden in spring
What to plant in an urban garden in summer
- Brussels sprouts
- White bean
What to plant in fall
Vegetables to plant in an urban garden
There are some vegetables that are a safe bet in any urban garden, and it is that who does not use things like onion or tomato almost daily? Here we are going to mention some of the most common vegetables to plant in an urban garden , which will make us happy with a large number of dishes and meals with their flavor.
- Irrigation: onion is a popular crop that does not need great care. It is a very rustic plant, which does not require abundant watering, although it does require frequent. Despite this, it is advisable to reduce the frequency of watering while the bulb is forming, as this will dry out better.
- Substrate: You do not need very rich substrates, although you do need a large volume of substrate.
- Sowing: Sows well during late winter and early fall. The harvest will take place about 4 months after sowing.
- Watering: it is better to water very often and in small amounts than the other way around. In fact, the ideal is to apply drip irrigation.
- Substrate: The star of almost any urban garden is quite demanding on the substrate. It needs soils that are very rich in organic matter, so you will have to enrich the soil with compost or worm castings, in addition to providing a large amount of substrate.
- Sowing: its sowing time is between winter and early spring. It is harvested in about 3 months.
- Irrigation: it needs frequent irrigations and with a certain abundance.
- Substrate: lettuce is a crop that needs a substrate with a good amount of organic matter:
- Sowing: It can be sown practically all year round except the coldest winter months, and it is harvested between 3 and 9 weeks later, depending on the variety.
- Irrigation: garlic stands out for its low need for water, and can be grown without any irrigation depending on the climate.
- Substrate: it is not demanding with the nutrients of the substrate, so it is very comfortable to maintain.
- Sowing: it is planted throughout the winter and harvested about three months later.
What to plant in an urban garden: aromatic plants
These are some of the aromatic herbs that you can grow in your urban garden :
- Parsley: Parsley is widely used as an ingredient in the Mediterranean diet, and it has a huge number of uses and properties. It can be planted in practically any type of substrate, since it is not demanding on nutrients. It needs a lot of sun exposure and moderate watering. It can be planted in spring or summer and is harvested about 3 months later, when the plant has about 10 cm of stem.
- Basil: This aromatic plant grows best in loose soils rich in organic matter. Basil can be grown both in semi-shade and in full sun, and requires frequent and moderate watering, without flooding. Sow in spring and harvest before the plant is over 20 cm tall.
- Thyme: thyme needs soils with good drainage and direct exposure to the sun. You do not need to enrich its substrate with a lot of organic matter, and do not add compost. Watering should also be moderate, without overdoing it. It is planted in late winter, and can be harvested as it is consumed, for most of the year.
- Mint: Mint grows healthier in soils with good moisture, even if they don’t have great drainage. It does not require a lot of light, but it does require frequent watering. The ideal is to sow it in spring to be able to harvest its tender shoots in summer.
- Rosemary: this highly rustic shrub needs great exposure to sunlight, as well as loose, sandy soil with good drainage. It is one of the few plants that appreciate abundant and spaced waterings, allowing the substrate to dry out. Rosemary can be planted and harvested throughout the year, although if you want it for infusions, it is advisable to do it in flowering.
- Lavender – Lavender is known for its ability to adapt to virtually any type of soil. It doesn’t need much watering other than planting, and can actually survive without watering at all in many climates. It can be sown in spring, once the cold has passed, and it can be harvested every year in spring from the second flowering, pruning its flower stems.