Surely you have ever thought about taking advantage of your garden to make your own home garden. Planting your own crops and harvesting your crops can be very rewarding. To do this, it is important to take into account some steps and make the most of all the materials. In this way you can have your garden decorated in your style and as cheap as possible.
In this post we are going to teach you step by step how to make a vegetable garden so you can enjoy it at home. Do you want to learn about it? Keep reading
Table of Contents
- 1 Orchard type and crops
- 2 Crop placement and type of irrigation
- 3 Keys to place the crops
- 4 Substrate and compost
Orchard type and crops
Obviously, we know a multitude of home gardens and crops that we can plant. Depending on the space we have at home or the crops we want to have, we must choose the type of garden we will create.
A garden can be created directly on the ground or on raised beds. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. If the terrain allows it, choose the one that best suits your crops. Another option may be to compress the space as much as possible and place your crops in a grow table. This type of garden it is perfect for those houses that do not have a large garden, they only have a roof terrace or terrace.
Un flowerpot it can also be a very interesting option. It must be taken into account that there will be crops that need semi-shade, others a high level of humidity, others full sun, etc. Taking care of the cultivation needs you will have to place the best combination so that no crop is left limping.
Not only can you grow greens and vegetables, but you can also put some aromatic flowers, red fruits or green manures. These will help to better control the appearance of pests and diseases.
Although the type of crop can be interesting to choose, you also have to accept the economic budget. There are some that are more common in the market and more expensive. Time is also another variable that we must take into account. There are some plants that need more care and, therefore, a greater economic and time investment.
For now, the easiest plants to grow (although more expensive) are Brussels sprouts, berries, lima beans, beans, beets, broccoli, spiny chard, etc. However, there are also crops that are very easy to maintain and are cheaper. We find garlic, lettuce onions, radishes, aromatic plants and carrots.
Crop placement and type of irrigation
Another aspect to take into account when preparing your crops is the type of irrigation you are going to give them. A more optimized irrigation is not the same as one that wastes water. The ideal is to combine the placement of the plants according to the need for irrigation of each one. An example of the distribution of plants along the ground could be, on the one hand, those that need the most water and, on the other hand, those that need the least.
In this way we achieve that plants that need more water benefit from each other when excess water falls. This is a good idea if the type of irrigation we have chosen is automatic. When we water manually this is not necessary, since we can water according to demand. It is true that it helps us not have to pay much attention to which plant needed more water than the other.
As we have mentioned before, the amount of water available for irrigation and the time that we can dedicate to it are conditioning factors for the type of crop. Let’s not forget that if we don’t take good care of our crops, the crops will lose quality. They may even be affected with pests and diseases.
There are several types of irrigation that can come in handy. Drip, microspray, or oozing tape They are methods that save a lot of water and, therefore, money from our pocket. They also give us extra time, since it does not make us pay attention to watering.
Keys to place the crops
Choosing proper crop placement is vital for success. One of the things to take into account is the correct distance between plant and plant. Let’s think that if the two are very close they will compete for territory and nutrients. In addition, they will be able to remove water from each other.
It is also necessary to attend to the compatibility that exists between species. There are some that are not compatible by nature. When this happens, we must keep a distance between the two. To give you an idea, the peppers need a distance of about 40 cm, while carrots only 10 cm. Therefore, a pepper crop will take up much more space and will harvest less.
If we keep the garden for more than a year, it is advisable to use crop rotation. The ideal is to alternate demanding crops with non-demanding crops. There are some species that need more nutrients, compost, care, etc. And others less. For example, peppers and tomatoes are more demanding, while lettuce and the entire legume family are not. It is then a good option to alternate the crops every year to maintain the properties of the substrate in optimal conditions.
Substrate and compost
To plant directly in the ground you need to plow before. We will also eliminate any weeds to prevent the proliferation of pests and diseases. If you sow in pots, you will need a substrate adapted to it.
It is necessary, in many cases, use fertilizers so that the plants have the necessary nutrients to grow. You can make ecological and natural compost from the organic waste that is generated in the kitchen. Dry leaves, grass or pruning debris can also be reused.
Once they are planted, either in pots or directly, some work needs to be done. The first thing to keep the garden well is to weed the crops. That is, removing the soil with a rake. Once the crops are grown, pruning will have to be done. Thanks to this work, higher quality crops can be obtained.
I hope that with these tips you know how to make a garden and you can enjoy it.