Selection of varieties of olive trees



Of European oils there is only one, but of varieties of olive trees there are a few more depending on the area where it has been raised since its evolution began or the artificial selection that has been made.

Thus, today we have more than 30, and only in Spain. Know the most important.


Alfafara olive treeOlivo Alfafara

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It is one of the oldest varieties; moreover, it is believed that the Phoenicians introduced it to the peninsula. With 6.000 hectares of olive groves, stands out for its resistance against diseases and its flavor.

Sevillian Gordal

Image of Gordal Sevilla olivesImage of Gordal Sevillana olives

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It is the most appreciated table olive, produced, as its name indicates, by the Sevillian olive trees. Its size is large, and the most interesting thing is that it can also be used to produce oil. Although yes, it is prone to wiring, hence the bitterness has to be removed with caustic soda to improve quality.


Farga olive treeOlive Barga

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It is a variety grown especially in Castellón, although it has 20.000 hectares of olive groves throughout the Mediterranean. High performancethe olives go to mills to produce olive oil.


Hojiblanca olive

hojiblanca olive

Grown on some 265.000 hectares across the country, it is the third most important variety. We find it especially in Córdoba, and It is produced for table olivesbut it must also be said that its oil is delicious.


Picual olivesPicual Olives

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It is the most important by far, being cultivated in more than 1 million hectares throughout the country, but especially in Jaén. Its productivity is very high, and as an oil it is exquisite. In fact, all this means that more and more is planted both in the fields of production and subsequent sale, as well as in private orchards.


Originally from Córdoba, it is a variety very rustic and high productivity It is used as a table olive and as an oil, the latter produced in oil mills where they extract an extra virgin oil from this fruit with a flavor that leaves no one indifferent.

Do you know other varieties of olive trees?

Selection of varieties of olive trees

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