All of us have had to learn to level it at some point in our land. To learn how to level a ground manually can be simple and with great satisfaction. Unlike using machinery, the soil will not suffer, even if it takes much longer. We must know the fundamental steps so that all the work is not in vain.
For this reason, we are going to dedicate this article to telling you how to level a terrain manually, what aspects we must take into account and what are the steps to follow.
How to level a plot
Select a slope. There are three ways to do this. Cut directly into the slope and use a retaining wall to hold the soil in place or place a retaining wall on the lowest slope and fill it in. In this case, you’ll need at least a truckload of soil, and once it’s in place it will take about a month to settle. Generally, heavy rains will help in this process.
If there is an existing structure, install some umbrellas since there may be a risk of insolation. Leveling the ground is hard work and there is a risk of heat stroke. The key here is to use a low-tech tool called a fork. You just have to ram the roots of the grass, pry and pull. Put all the grass that you have removed in a wheelbarrow and take it to an unused part of the land. Even if the grass doesn’t settle (which requires a lot of water to settle at first), it will at least help rejuvenate the soil.
Use a laser level and post (if you don’t have one available) to mark the exact grade across the lot. Mark the end of the level with masking tape.
Tools and steps to learn how to level a terrain
Cut from behind. Use a sturdy pick, the heaviest pick you can lift above your head and comfortably touch the ground. break the earth with a hoe. After touching the ground, bring the earth towards you. There are many techniques to handle the beak. With the right hit, you will be able to remove a good amount of dirt from the terrain. The stones you remove can be used for foundations. Try using the side pick and doing other movements to use different muscle groups.
Move loose soil to the bottom of the slope. Put the earth in a wheelbarrow, turn it over so you can flatten it with a hand compactor. If you just want to level the bottom, you don’t need to modify it much. A good rain will take care of the filling. Do final pressing after leveling and rutting. If soil must be retained, place retaining walls. Retaining walls can also be used as main walls.
Rake the slope and flatten it. Extend the board 10 cm in the area you are working on, so that the surface is smooth and level. Compacting the soil is not very important if the soil is going to be exposed to weather conditions for a period of time. All the hand pressing in the world cannot be compared to the settling effect you get after a few rains.
Permits and requirements for leveling rural land
Work to level rural land may require a building permit. These authorizations require the Environment Department of the City Council, which is the competent authority. In addition, the application may also require the submission of a technical project. It is a document prepared by a technical or higher agronomist or forestry engineer who must include a plan of the terrain in action, indicating height, dimensions and presence of trees or buildings.
The project will be accompanied by an explanatory report detailing the work to be carried out, the modifications that the land will undergo and the safety measures of the works. The documentation must be exhaustive and explain in depth the type of transformation to be carried out. These reports may also require positive environmental impact reports from the competent bodies of each autonomous community. These analyzes ensure that the natural environment is not irreversibly affected.
Once approved, the works can be carried out. If they are large-scale, it would be convenient to have a construction company that specializes in this type of work. These companies have earthmoving specialists who will ensure that the work is carried out accurately and in the shortest possible time. In this sense, it is very important that the company has experience and qualified personnel for the measurement of terrain heights. These personnel must also be qualified to perform blasting, of course, if explosives need to be used to blast some rocks during the project, a permit to transfer and handle explosives is also required. Construction companies are used to managing this type of mandate.
Finally, if the farm is located in a protected natural space, such as a national park or natural park, it must be authorized by the governing entity. If they affect water courses or aquifers, the corresponding hydrological union must also be notified and approved.
Applicable legislation for the leveling of rural land
Given the transformation of rural land, it is necessary to know the legislation that affects this activity. In general, the autonomous communities are in charge of determining which land is rural and which is urban and approve the urban plans of the different cities. On the other hand, environmental regulations, also of a regional nature, limit what can be done and its impact. Among these rules, those that protect the environment in a special way are highlighted, such as those for the management of national parks. In this case, it is a particularly restrictive legislation that must be observed with great care.
In general, learning how to level a terrain should not be a very complicated job, but it is very important to do it with all the guarantees. For this, it is necessary to obtain all the necessary permits and licenses and trust only qualified professionals to carry out transformation actions. With these basic precautions, they can have complete peace of mind and ensure successconverting rustic soils into perfect crops or ideal constructions in nature.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to level a terrain and what aspects to take into account.