Since garlic is one of the most used foods in Mediterranean cuisine, it is essential to know well how it should be sown. It is used not only because of its flavor, but also because of its many nutritional properties that are good for health. It is a good preservative for food and has antibiotic properties. There are many ways to learn how to plant seedless garlic in a pot to make it more comfortable for you. It is one of the easiest to grow both in the garden and in the pot. It hardly needs care. However, you have to know how to plant them.
Therefore, we are going to dedicate this article to tell you how to plant seedless garlic in a pot and what are the main characteristics of garlic.
Garlic or Allium sativum It is a bulbous, lively and rustic plant belonging to the Liliaceae subfamily. Its root is composed of 6-12 balls, traditionally called garlic clovesconnected at the base to form a round body called a “head of garlic.” Each “tooth” and bulb is covered by a translucent film. From its upper part the fiber part is born that roots the plant in the ground and provides it with food. Once the thin layer that covers it is removed, its color is white-yellow. The color of the film varies from white to gray. If there is any characteristic of garlic, it is its rich aroma and flavor.
The color of the surrounding garlic layer is the distinguishing element that distinguishes the three types on the market:
- White garlic or common garlic. It is the most consumed garlic in Spanish homes for its rich flavor and long-lasting aroma, making it an ideal condiment for many dry recipes. Its appearance is whitish and its teeth are distributed in an isolated way. It can be stored for a long time without the need for a refrigerator. Its size is larger than other types and it can reach a diameter of 10-12 cm.
- Purple or pink garlic. Its size is smaller, its appearance color gamut is very wide, there are many kinds of purple rose. Its shelf life is longer than that of white garlic.
- Young garlic. This is a plant in puberty, late winter or early spring. Its texture is not as rigid as in adulthood, which shows that it is a tender food combined with sauteed vegetables or tortillas.
How to plant seedless garlic in a pot
Before you know how to grow garlic, you should know that there are two ways to grow it: use seeds or grow some garlic cloves directly. However, the simplest and most common is to plant seedless garlic, which consists of burying the garlic cloves.
To grow garlic cloves, the land must be fertilized beforehand. If the soil is very light, it is recommended to add a good compost or a layer of compost to optimize the harvest. You should choose a sunny place because it is very beneficial for the plants, but it should not be exposed to excessive heat.
Once you have the perfect place and soil to grow garlic in a pot or garden, you just have to follow these steps:
- Make grooves about 2,5 cm deep, with a distance of 30 cm between them.
- Put the garlic cloves in the slot one by one. They should have the narrowest part facing up because that is where the plants grow. Each garlic clove should be 15 cm from the closest garlic.
- Sprinkle the garlic with soil and cover a 2,5 cm furrow.
- Squeeze the soil gently so that air pockets do not appear and the soil does not become too compacted.
- Water with plenty of water to moisten the soil and the garlic cloves.
When are garlic planted
The growing season of the garlic plant and the time it takes to grow depends on the climate. If you live in a cold area, you should grow garlic at the end of winter, otherwise the garlic will freeze. If you live in a temperate zone, you can plant it from the beginning of winter to the end. For example, the garlic plantation in Spain can be done from November to January of the following year.
In this way, the garlic harvest in Spain begins in April or May and lasts until the beginning of August, depending on when and when the garlic is planted. Its growth lasts about 3-5 months. Garlic is quite a rustic plant that has a great adaptability to different climates and can bear the cold of winter very well, but it does not withstand the dry and hot August. Therefore, it is usually best to plant in November.
One of the most frequently asked questions is when to water. Since it is grown in winter, garlic generally does not need to be watered because it is a cold season, the humidity is well maintained, and it rains frequently. However, in winter or spring that are very dry, it is recommended to water them a little according to the severity of the drought. Soaking the soil is good, but you shouldn’t water too much, because the bulb can rot.
For the rest, there is no more garlic care. This plant usually has few pest problems, although some larvae can invade the bulb. To avoid these problems as much as possible, it is ideal to have a preventative treatment in mid to late April, when the slightly high humidity begins.
Harvest and maintenance
Water is a very important factor in planting garlic. Excess water or humidity favors the growth of fungi Phytophthora infestanswhich damage leaves, stems and bulbs. Ringworm of garlic is a small larva that can open channels in bulbs and leaves. To control it, observe the appearance of the eggs under the leaves and remove them.
Harvest occurs 4-5 months after sowingwhen three-quarters of the plant are yellow. Stop watering the garlic two weeks before harvest, this helps dry and clean. To harvest the garlic, remove the leaves and remove the plant completely. Sometimes the bulb is very rooted, so it is advisable to separate the leaves from the bulb during harvest and slightly loosen the soil around it to avoid this.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to plant seedless garlic in a pot.