The pomegranate is a tree or large fruit shrub very resistant to drought and very easy to grow which has very pretty red flowers. It grows in all types of soils, including calcareous soils that have a great tendency to compact, and is not usually affected by pests or diseases.
If you are looking for an all-terrain plant that gives a lot of fruit for the whole family, the pomegranate is undoubtedly for you.
The pomegranate, whose scientific name is Pink garnetis a more or less thorny deciduous plant that belongs to the botanical family Lythraceae. It is native to Iran, although it has become naturalized in the Mediterranean region and in the Canary Islands. It reaches a maximum height of 5m, and has small, lanceolate leaves, greenish-yellow when they are young, and green when they finish maturing. The flower, which sprouts in spring, is about 4cm in diameter, red in color. And the fruit, the pomegranate, measures up to 12cm and has a spherical shape, red in color.
It is a plant that, although it may seem otherwise, is very, very rustic. In fact, can resist up to -12ºC. And if we talk about maximum temperatures, it holds up to 40ºC without problems. So you can have a pomegranate in a wide variety of climates .
There are three types:
- Common: which is the one that produces sweet-tasting fruits.
- Sour: as its name suggests, its fruits are unpleasant for the palate. But its flowers are used to decorate.
- Seedless: like the grain of Elche or the mollar de Játiva, two of the main Spanish varieties.
Growing or caring for the pomegranate tree
Would you like to have one in your garden or patio? Take note of these tips:
It is a plant that you need to feel the passing of the seasons, so you have to have outside. Likewise, it is important that it is in an area where the sun shines directly, ideally throughout the day, otherwise its development will not be adequate.
Soil or land
Not demandingbut whether you are going to have it in the garden or in a pot, it is preferable that the soil or the substrate be able to drain the water quickly, since the pomegranate is a plant that does not like too much waterlogging.
In the garden
It is a plant that although it is very resistant to drought, when grown for its fruit it should be watered twice a week. In any case, if at least 350mm of precipitation falls per year in your area, from the second year it is on the ground, you can space out the irrigations.
In case of growing it in a pot, you have to water it from time to time throughout the yearbeing more followed in summer than in the rest of the year.
You have to pour water until it comes out of the drainage holes. If you see that it comes out too quickly, something that happens if the substrate has become so compact that it has ‘become’ a kind of earth block unable to absorb water, take the pot (without extracting the pomegranate from it) and put it in a container of water for half an hour or until you see that the substrate has been completely moistened.
It is not strictly necessary, but you can pay it from spring to late summerbeing advisable to do it with an organic fertilizer such as algae extract following the instructions specified on the product packaging.
You can also put mulch, compost, or herbivorous animal manure on top of the soil, and mix it with the top layer of soil. In this way, you will be able to enrich both your garden and your pomegranate.
To prune your tree, you have to remove those branches that intersect, the suckers, and those that look weak or sick late winter.
Use proper pruning tools for this, such as pruning shears for branches 1 centimeter thick or less, and a handsaw or handsaw for thicker ones.
Don’t forget to wear gloves to keep your hands protected.
Planting or transplanting time
Plant your pomegranate in the garden or move it to another larger pot in springwhen the frosts have passed.
It supports transplants quite well, but be careful not to manipulate its roots too much. When it is in its new location, give it a good watering.
It can be attacked by the borer, aphids, cotonet, cochineal of the soot and by the auger.
They are treated with diatomaceous earth, potassium soap, or neem oil.
It is sensitive to botrytis, a fungus that, in its case, rots the fruit. It is treated with fungicide.
The pomegranate is easy to keep healthy, but sometimes two problems can arise:
- The grenades open: it occurs when it has not received the same amount of water during the growth and ripening of the fruits. You can avoid this by installing a drip irrigation for example.
- Pomegranates crack and appear spots: occurs when they have been exposed to strong sunlight.
You can put shading mesh over it if you consider it necessary.
Harvesting begins as soon as the fruits acquire their final color and size, that is, towards late summer / early fall the earliest varieties, and towards the middle of autumn the later ones.
The pomegranate is multiplied by seeds and cuttings in spring or fall.
They are sown in seedbeds with universal cultivation substratetrying not to put more than 2 seeds in each one. Then, it is watered from time to time, so that they germinate after about 20 days.
Place the seedbed outdoors, in full sun. In this way, the seedlings will be able to grow well.
It is the fastest way to get a specimen of a certain size. For it, a branch of about 25 centimeters is cutthe base is impregnated with homemade rooting agents, and then it is planted in a pot with soil, burying its first 5 centimeters.
Finally, the pot is taken outside, in semi-shade.
Resists cold and frost down to -12 degrees Celsiusbut from my own experience I will tell you that it lives without problems in hot regions. For example, in my area the minimum temperature is -1,5ºC sometimes in February, and the maximum is 38ºC in August, and the pomegranate grows and produces numerous fruits without problems.
What uses is it given?
The pomegranate has several uses:
It is a very decorative plant, ideal to have as a hedge, or even as an isolated specimen. It is also widely used as bonsai.
Fruit it is consumed grain by grain, fresh. Likewise, syrup, drinks and sorbets are made with it.
It is used in gargles to relieve cough especially. In addition, it can help reduce fever, stop diarrhea and relieve colic pain.
Where to buy?
Get your pomegranate from here!.
With these tips, your pomegranate will grow healthy and strong .