The pomegranate is a very resistant and adaptable fruit tree whose growth rate is reasonably fast. It can be grown in any type of garden, whether small, medium or large, as its roots are not invasive at all. In addition, its beautiful flowers will decorate the place every spring.
But what to do if those flowers never seem to bloom? If you are wondering why my pomegranate does not bloom, below you will know the possible causes and how to solve them.
Basic characteristics of pomegranate
El pomegranate It is a spiny, deciduous tree or shrub that can reach a height of 5-6 meters. Its trunk branches almost from the base, although it can be pruned to leave it without branches up to a certain height, and have it more like a tree. It can even be worked as bonsai (especially the dwarf variety, whose scientific name is Punica granatum var. lullaby).
The leaves are simple and lanceolate, measuring between 1,5-7 centimeters long and 0,8-2 centimeters wide, and are glossy green in color. Its flowers bloom during the spring, and are between 3 and 4 centimeters in diameter. The fruit is what we know as a pomegranate, and it has a spherical shape, reddish in color and measures between 5 and 12 centimeters. Inside there are several seeds of about 12-15 by 5-7mm.
In what conditions does it live?
It is a plant native to Iran and Turkey, but it has become naturalized in the Mediterranean region. It is grown without problems in places where the climate is tropical, subtropical and temperatesince it supports temperatures of up to 40ºC and -12ºC.
It favors heat, and resists drought. The pomegranate is also an ornamental shrub, which can be planted in poor soils. As long as it is in direct sunlight and has a little space available to grow, it will be fine.
Why is it not blooming?
There are several reasons why a pomegranate may not bloom. Before we do anything, we have to identify it.
Lack of direct light
The pomegranate, whose scientific name is Pink garnetIt is a tree that, in order to grow well and flourish, needs to be directly exposed to the sun. If it is in semi-shade, inside the house / greenhouse, or protected in some way, it will not be able to produce flowers because it lacks energy.
Being a heliophilic plant, the ideal is that it begins to receive the impact of the rays of the star king from when it is a seedling, or if it is a cutting, from the moment it has rooted. In this way, it will have a correct development, flourishing with health and producing fruits.
What to do?
Put it in a brighter area. The sooner the better. Of course, if you have never had the sun before, you will have to acclimatize little by little so that your leaves do not suffer burns. To do this, you must first get used to receiving 1-2 hours of direct light a day. Afterwards, you can increase the exposure time little by little.
Age is a factor that must be taken into account. The dwarf pomegranate (Punica granatum var. lullaby) is a tree that blooms early, with 1-2 years of age; instead the normal variety (Pink garnet) it takes about 5 or 6 years if you get water regularly. When a plant produces flowers for the first time, we can generally assume that it is ready to produce its own fruits and thus contribute to the creation of new generations.
But to get to that moment it is important that they finish their youth first, since to produce flowers, fruits and seeds a lot of energy is needed. An energy that, when the pomegranate is young, it uses to grow.
What to do?
Provide you with the care you need: direct sun, regular waterings throughout the year, and make some contributions of organic fertilizer in spring and summer.
If we have a pomegranate in the same pot for a long time, there will come a time when it will not be able to continue growing. Although I am in the age of blossoming, if its roots do not have room to grow, the plant will not be able to produce flowers.
This can also happen if you grow in the garden, but have paved soil a few inches from the trunk. The roots require space to develop, as well as air, water and nutrients.
What to do?
If it is potted, It should be planted in another that measures about 7-10 centimeters in diameter and deeper than the one you have now. Likewise, that container must have holes at the bottom, since pomegranate is a plant that does not resist waterlogging. In addition, you do not have to put a plate or tray under it, as the water would remain stagnant and the roots would rot.
If it is planted in the garden, remove some of the paved soil. Theirs would be to leave dirt from the trunk to a distance of about 40 centimeters at least.
It is recovering from a drastic pruning
The pomegranate can be pruned, but in moderation. If it is for example 3 meters high, we do not have to leave it with 1 meter in one go because most likely we would lose it. And is that when pruned a lot, the plant will consume energy trying to recoverthat is, to heal the wounds and move on, not to flourish.
But, if it is the case that before these wounds are sealed, some microorganism enters (fungus, bacteria, virus) the recovery time will be longer. This is rare for pomegranates, but cannot be ruled out.
What to do?
In these conditions, your pomegranate needs water from time to time to keep it hydrated. Also it is advisable to treat it with a multipurpose fungicideSince if it has fungi, you can keep them at bay. You can buy it No products found..
With these tips, your pomegranate will blossom sooner rather than later.